Below are some quick stats on what the Catholic Church does to serve people in the US. The services of these organizations are open to the public and serve whoever is in need regardless of their religious beliefs (I myself went to Catholic school for 12 years as Protestant). Depending on the organization and its specific mission, most will hire and employ a person of any religious beliefs who wants to serve the mission of the organization.
The federal government will soon be requiring almost all* of these organizations (excepting parishes) to violate their religious beliefs to continue functioning. Anyone who cares about tolerance, religious liberty, or even simply cares about the poor should be very concerned and should contact their representative in the House and their representatives in the Senate. There is also an official online petition on the White House website that is taking signatures.
- 5774 elementary schools serving 1,467,694 students (current) [Source]
- 1206 secondary schools serving 598,178 students (current) [Source]
- 244 colleges and universities (current) [Source]
- This includes schools such as the University of Notre Dame, Georgetown University, Boston College, Loyola Marymount University, and Fordham University (complete list)
- 3301 local Catholic Charities offices provided services to 10,270,292 people in 2010 [Source]
- services include food pantries, soup kitchens, home delivered meals, counseling, housing, clothing, assistance with utilities, assistance with prescription drugs, services related to addiction, pregnancy, adoption, immigration, refugees, education, at-risk populations, and other services
- 629 hospitals (as of 2010) [Source]
- represents 12.6% of community hospitals
- received 15.6% of all hospital admissions
- 5,512,632 admissions
- 235 residential homes for children (orphanages) serving 50,264 young people (in 2005) [Source]
- 135 other national Catholic lay organizations serve the Church and their local communities [Source]
- The Society of St Vincent de Paul served 15 million people (in 2002)
- Knights of Columbus raised $139,711,619 for charity (in 2005)
- Hundreds of other local Catholic lay organizations serve the Church and their local communities [Source]
- 18,992 parishes (as of 2006) also serve their local communities in incalculable ways [Source]
*While it seems to be pretty clear that parishes would be exempted from the new rules, it's not entirely clear how all other Catholic organizations would fare. It would depend on the organization, who they employ, what their mission is exactly. However, it is clear that it would effect most of the organizations listed here.